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Collection Artifact Details

Head Ring

Type: Clothing - Headwear
Object Name: Head Ring
Local Name: indhoni
Place Made: Asia: South Asia, India, Southern India, Karnataka, Shimoga
People: Banjara
Period: Mid 20th century
Date: 1940 - 1960
Dimensions: L 13 cm x W 13 cm x H 12.5 cm
Materials: Cotton; cotton thread; cowrie shell; glass mirror; metal bead
Techniques: Woven; appliquéd; embroidered; mirror work; tasseled; braided
ID Number: T00.45.146
Credit: From the Fitzgerald Collection

Like most rural peoples in India, the Banjara must carry water daily from a communal well or river to their dwelling. This headpiece consists of three parts: the indhoni (a bast-fibre ring covered with white cotton thread) protects the woman’s head while providing a base for stabilizing the water jar; the rectangular gala protects her back from splashing water, and; the small square fits under the pot on top of the ring to add further support and protection.