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Collection Artifact Details

Blouse

Type: Clothing - Garment
Object Name: Blouse
Local Name: huipil
Place Made: North America: Central America, Guatemala, Quiche, Nebaj
People: Ixil Maya
Period: Mid to late 20th century
Date: 1960 - 1980
Dimensions: L 62 cm x W 82 cm
Materials: Cotton; metal; Synthetic
Techniques: Warp-faced; supplementary weft
ID Number: T2007.4.4
Credit: Gift of Joan VanDuzer

The woman’s huipil has a long and ancient tradition in Guatemala and is still worn in parts of the country today. Indigenous garments such as the huipil have roots in pre- Spanish Maya costume, and are often depicted on ceramics and sculpture. A huipil consists of one, two, or three lengths of cotton woven on a back-strap loom and sewn together with an opening for the head. Supplementary weft threads in cotton, silk, rayon and more recently acrylic, are used to float a raised pattern during weaving. Although these rich and varied designs have evolved over time, since the Spanish Conquest, huipil styles have been part of a woman’s distinctive costume (traje) and associated with her community.