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Collection Artifact Details


Type: For the Floor
Object Name: Rug
Local Name: julkhyrs
Place Made: Asia: Central Asia, Afghanistan, Northern Afghanistan
People: Uzbek or Arab
Period: Early to mid 20th century
Date: 1920 - 1950
Dimensions: L 252 cm x W 86 cm
Materials: Wool
Techniques: Knotted pile; hand-sewn
ID Number: T94.2283
Credit: From the Opekar / Webster Collection

The Uzbek of Central Asia call these rugs julkhirs, which means “bear skin.” Used as insulation under wool and cotton mattresses, their long and shaggy pile makes them as soft and warm as the fur they are named for. Julkhirs are made using symmetrical pile knots tied around alternate warps, with a warp thread left between each knot so the warp-weft structure becomes solid and thick. Like much nomadic weaving, the rugs are woven in bands on a narrow horizontal loom.