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Collection Artifact Details

Rug

Type: For the Floor
Object Name: Rug
Local Name: l'ahmal n'ibouli
Place Made: Africa: North Africa, Morocco, High Atlas Mountains
People: Berber, Ait Ouaouzguite tribe
Period: Early to mid 20th century
Date: 1920 - 1940
Dimensions: L 273 cm x W 146 cm
Materials: Wool
Techniques: Knotted pile; twined; weft-faced; fringed
ID Number: T88.0482
Credit: Gift of Dr. Daniel and Mrs. Sharon Pollock

Traditionally, Ait Ouaouzguite Berber rugs were flat-woven in natural white and brown wool with twining applied in the horizontal bands. In this rug, borders and horizontal bands are woven in knotted-pile technique in a palette of orange, red and yellow. This is an interesting hybrid between the Ait Ouaouzguite flat-woven and knotted-pile carpets, and possesses both technical and design characteristics of each. The simple twined panels of the flat-woven rug are transformed by the knotted pile, which organizes the composition with an all-around border. This is a result of the weavers’ exposure to urban weavings, Rabat carpets in particular. The tribe’s location on the trans-Atlas and trans-Saharan trade routes – through which goods moved from the Atlantic coast to Timbuktu (Mali) – made this cultural influence possible.